Affecting more than 2 million people in France fibromyalgia remains to this day an unknown pathology. This disease, which mainly affects females, is defined as a set of often very painful symptoms that cause terrible fatigue that can sometimes be disabling. Its exact causes remain unclear until now, but a team of researchers have made an incredible discovery that has made it possible to see more clearly. Let’s do a check in.
What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome that results in pain affecting the entire body. These are often accompanied by fatigue and insomnia problems. Although this problem does not cause serious complications, it does affect the quality of life of those who suffer from it. Indeed, fibromyalgia can in some cases prevent the subject from performing his daily tasks.
Recognized by the World Health Organization since 1922, fibromyalgia remains to this day an unknown pathology. Moreover, in the scientific community, opinions diverge when the existence of this disease!
Generally, fibromyalgia mainly affects women and is manifested between 40 and 60 years.
The symptoms of fibromyalgia:
The main signs of fibromyalgia are diffuse pain throughout the body, but other symptoms may occur in each case.
- Morning stiffness and muscle pain
- Persistent fatigue
- Digestive disorders
- Tingling and numbness in the feet and hands
- A non-restorative sleep
Fibromyalgia, the causes involved:
Although recognized as pathology for years, the causes of fibromyalgia remain unknown. Indeed, despite the pain felt by the patient, the doctor can not find an inflammation or injury that may be the cause of these signs.
It can thus be deduced that fibromyalgia results from a set of factors. Several studies have investigated the causes of fibromyalgia and have thus advanced different hypotheses. In general, two types of causes can be distinguished:
- Physiological: a viral infection, a disorder of the immune system, a hypersensitivity to pain
- Psychological: Fibromyalgia is often linked to an initiator element such as trauma, stress, anxiety, depression …
Despite the different studies conducted, it remains difficult to determine the exact cause of this disease. But a group of American researchers has made an incredible discovery that could change the perception of this disease.
Fibromyalgia: everything is in the hands!
Researchers at Integrated Tissue Dynamics LLC (INTiDYN), a biotech company backed by University at Albany’s East Campus in Rensselaer New York, have made a new discovery about this little-known pathology.
The study conducted by these researchers was published in the journal Pain Medicine and was successful in determining the first physical pathology that can provide a logical explanation for the debilitating symptoms of this disease.
The analyzes were carried out by Dr. Frank L. Rice and other researchers and showed that the causes of this pathology are not due to a psychological problem but rather to the presence of a large number of sensory nerve fibers around blood vessels from the palm of the hand. This discovery represents concrete evidence of the existence of a specific pathology causing fibromyalgia that can now be used to diagnose this disease. According to the researchers, the nerve endings present around the blood vessels in the palm of the hand not only regulate the blood flow but also contribute to our sense of touch and pain.
The latter are located in specific places, which form a direct connection between arterioles and venules, hence their name arterioles-venules (AV).
Normally, AVs are mainly at the hands and feet. Remember that these two parts of the body receive a large amount of blood and serve as a reservoir and then distribute it to other body tissues such as muscles in case of physical effort.
Fibromyalgia, which treatment?
There is no precise treatment to cure the pathology itself. Doctors prescribe medication to relieve pain. Thus, analgesics, painkillers and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are administered to patients.
They can also take sedatives, antidepressants and muscle relaxants.