The trigger points in the neck can cause dizziness and vertigo that many people with fibromyalgia experience. These trigger points can distort your perception and sense of balance, causing you to drop things or stumble and trip over things. Many symptoms involving the head and neck, ears, eyes, nose and throat may be due to trigger points in the neck. In this publication I will explain: where are these trigger points, what symptoms cause and how to self-treat them.
What are the trigger points?
In simple terms, a trigger point is a knot that forms in the muscle and sends pain to other areas of the body. Activation points cause the muscle to become tighter and shorten. When the muscles shorten, they can not go through the full range of motion, altering the way they move, sit or stand. This leads to problems of strength and flexibility, creating more activation points.
The research suggests that the pain of fibromyalgia is mainly due to myofascial trigger points. Therefore, the treatment of trigger points will help control the pain associated with fibromyalgia.
Trigger points in the neck that cause dizziness
The trigger points in the neck that can cause dizziness in the sternocleidomastoid muscles (SCM). The SCM is a large muscle along the front on both sides of the neck. It is composed of two interconnected muscle bands. These muscle bands start from the mastoid bone behind the ear. One band connects to the sternum (sternum) and the other connects to the clavicle (collarbone). The sternal band is at the top of the clavicle band.
The main functions of the SCM muscles are to turn the head from side to side and bend the head down. The sternocleidomastoid also helps to maintain a stable position of the head during other movements of the body. Any position where the neck is kept in an uncomfortable position can create trigger points.
Another function of the SCM muscle is to raise the sternum when you inhale. The muscle can be overloaded if it breathes with the chest, instead of with the diaphragm. The SCM also helps chew and swallow.
Symptoms of sternocleidomastoid trigger points
The effects of sternocleidomastoid trigger points can be surprisingly widespread. Symptoms created by SCM trigger points include:
- dizziness, vertigo and imbalance
- blurred vision, double vision, excessive tearing, redness of the eyes, drooping eyelid and eye contractions
- hearing loss, tinnitus (buzzing, buzzing or ringing in the ears)
- migraine headache, sinus headache
- sinus congestion or sinus drainage
- chronic cough, sore throat
- neck stiffness
- cold sweat on his forehead
- continuous hay fever or cold symptoms
- difficulty swallowing
What causes sternocleidomastoid trigger points?
Activation points can be created by postures that keep the SCM contracted to keep the head in position, for example, by looking at a computer screen or driving. Keeping your head turned to one side or keeping your head back to look for extended periods of time is sure to cause problems. Breathing from the chest instead of the belly can also overload the SCM muscle.
Here is a list of activities that can create SCM trigger points:
- General activities
- Keeping the head turned to one side
- Posture of the head forward
- Holding the phone with the shoulder
- Stomach sleeping
- Heavy lifting
- Falls and lash
- A short leg or scoliosis or uncomfortable posture
- Stress and muscle tension
- Chronic cough or asthma
- Breast breathing
Sternocleidomastoid trigger point release
SCM trigger points are easy to treat on their own. The SCM muscle group may contain seven trigger points. The sternal division usually has 3-4 trigger points spaced along its length, while the division of the clavicle has 2-3 trigger points.
NEVER massage a pulse . If you pinch the sternocleidomastoid, instead of pressing it against the side of the neck, it will stay away from the arteries.
Follow these steps to release the SCM trigger points:
- While you look in a mirror, turn your head to the side. You will see the sternal branch.
- Grasp the muscle with your thumb and fingers curved in a C shape and turn your head back to look in the mirror.
- Keep your face facing forward, tilt your head slightly down and to the same side you are massaging.
- Press hard enough to feel comfortable and try to discriminate between the two branches. Each branch is almost as big as your index finger. If you pay close attention, you should be able to feel them separately.
- Milk the muscle with short repeated movements up and down, start in the middle and move to the back of the ear and then to the clavicle.
- If you find a stain that hurts, gently pinch the trigger point. Reduce the pressure until you feel no pain. Once you are below the pain threshold, slowly increase the pressure for 60-90 seconds.
Do this on both sides, a couple of times a day. Simply be easy at the beginning and work at a pressure level that feels good to you.