Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and fibromyalgia

Many of those who are already suffering from the pain of fibromyalgia also suffer from myofascial pain syndrome. The myofascial pain syndrome is another form of chronic pain that can affect the entire body, especially the face and jaw. myofascial pain may add to the already annoying symptoms of fibromyalgia, and can contribute to disability and poor quality of life if not properly diagnosed. If you think you may be suffering from myofascial dysfunction, visit with your doctor to discuss your treatment options.

What is myofascial pain syndrome? 
Myofascial syndrome is a disorder of pain that affects the muscles and fascia around your body. Fascia is like a web that surrounds the bones, tissues, organs and blood vessels throughout the body. Myofascial pain syndrome can attack and cause the degeneration of certain areas of the fascia, resulting in chronic pain and a variety of other symptoms.

The pain usually originates in specific areas of the body, called myofascial trigger points (TRP), which feel like small lumps under the skin. These trigger points commonly develop throughout the body, where the fascia typically contacts a muscle.

The myofascial pain syndrome is a very common disease, and most people will develop at least one trigger point in your body at some point in their lives. Most of these people will not develop severe symptoms and be able to continue with their normal routines. However, about 14% of the population will develop a chronic form of the syndrome, resulting in persistent pain and discomfort.

myofascial pain disorder is very common in people who suffer from fibromyalgia. It was once thought that the myofascial pain syndrome was actually a type of fibromyalgia. However, this is now known not to be the case. You can have both fibromyalgia and chronic myofascial syndrome and therefore it is important to be diligent in analyzing their symptoms. If you notice symptoms of myofascial syndrome, burn them and report them to your doctor.

Signs and Symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome
The most common sign of myofascial pain is the presence of palpable trigger points in your muscles. Trigger points are areas of extreme tenderness and sensitivity, and usually form in muscle bands under his skin. They are similar to hot spots caused by fibromyalgia, just trigger points can be felt under the skin. When touched, trigger points will produce pain and spasms in the muscles. Often, the pain is felt in a different area of the trigger point that is really affected this is called referred pain.

The pain is myofascial syndrome typically a dull pain, but also can produce a throbbing, stabbing, or burning. The pain is often located in the mandible, although any part of the body may be affected. A third of people suffering from myofascial pain report localized pain, while two-thirds report having pain throughout the body.

Myofascial pain can also produce a range of other symptoms, many of which may appear unrelated. These include:

  • numbness in the extremities
  • popping or clicking of the joints
  • limited movement of the joints, particularly the jaw
  • muscle weakness (manifested in dropping things)
  • headache or migraine
  • are perturbado
  • balance problems
  • ear pain and tinnitus
  • double vision or blurred vision
  • problems with memory
  • unexplained nausea, dizziness and sweating

Aggravating factors
The symptoms are often exacerbated by specific factors. Stress and anxiety contribute to muscle tension and can irritate trigger points. Changes in weather, including sudden cold, high humidity or extreme dryness can also aggravate symptoms. Physical activity can also provoke symptoms.

Causes of myofascial pain syndrome
There are several causes of myofascial pain proposals:

  • Muscular and skeletal problems:   The causes of myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome can be numerous and depend on the individual. Generally, myofascial pain is caused by some type of trauma to the muscles and skeleton in the body. Overworked muscles can cause damage to certain areas, resulting in the development of a trigger point. Poor posture may also trigger myofascial pain in certain individuals. Skeletal abnormalities, such as having different sizes of feet, toes or legs, can also contribute to the development of myofascial pain. Frequent cold exposure can also increase the risk of developing chronic myofascial pain syndrome.
  • Fibromyalgia Chronic Pain:   People with fibromyalgia may have myofascial pain syndrome as a result of their fibromyalgia pain. Compensating pain can often cause a small movement or unhealthy posture leading to the formation of trigger points. The pain caused by fibromyalgia also causes muscular contractions around tender points, referred to as a guard. Eventually, these muscle contractions causing trigger points to form, in addition to the tender points of fibromyalgia.
  • Depression associated with fibromyalgia:   The depression associated with fibromyalgia can also cause myofascial pain to develop. At least 30% of patients with fibromyalgia suffer from depression, which causes the low serotonin levels in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter responsible for the regulation of mood , and pain in the body. Depression can interfere with the process of pain regulation, causing MPS.

Effects of MPS on Fibromyalgia
with both myofascial pain syndrome and fibromyalgia can be quite trying at times. The symptoms of MPS and fibromyalgia are very similar, making it difficult for medical professionals to properly diagnose many people. Without proper diagnosis, the patient may not receive appropriate treatment, causing your symptoms become worse. Furthermore, myofascial pain can often contribute to the pain caused by fibromyalgia, making life much more difficult to enjoy

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